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Patterns are fundamental to the improvement of technique in TaeKwonDo. Each pattern teaches a student a new technique or level of complexity using an existing technique.
A pattern is a combination of attack and defence movements in a fixed and logical sequence which could be used to defend against one or more imaginary opponents.
Patterns are practised to improve TaeKwonDo techniques, to develop speed and power, improve flexibility, master body shifting, develop muscles, balance and breath control.
There are a total of 24 patterns in TaeKwonDo. Each pattern has a significant historical meaning which the student is expected to learn. Each meaning gives the student a better understanding of the perseverance of the Koreans to gain independence from other countries who have occupied Korea over the centuries. An understanding of the continuous struggle to achieve this independence should give students of TaeKwonDo the incentive to persevere with the learning and perfecting of TaeKwonDo techniques.
The name of the pattern, the number of movements, and the diagrammatic symbol of each pattern symbolises either heroic figures in Korean history or instances relating to historical events. For students up to black belt level, please see also the student's handbook.
Meaning of Coloured Belt Patterns
|Oath and Tenets|
|Theory of Power|
|Reasons for Patterns|
|Types of Sparring|
|Rules of the Dojang|
|Black Belt Patterns|
|3 Step Sparring|
|2 Step Sparring|
|1 Step & Semi Free Sparring|
|Four Directional Punch|